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Arbeitsplatzorientierte Rehabilitation und Wiedereingliederung


Autor/in:

Weiler, Stephan W.; Föh, Kay Peter; Stork, Joachim [u. a.]


Herausgeber/in:

k. A.


Quelle:

Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, 2011, 65. Jahrgang (Heft 4), Seite 297-303, Stuttgart: ergonomia, ISSN: 0340-2444 (Print); 2366-4681 (Online)


Jahr:

2011



Abstract:


Wenn eine Erkrankung die Leistungsfähigkeit von Beschäftigten einschränkt, ist oft die betriebliche Wiedereingliederung erschwert. Die Situation kann durch eine berufsorientierte Rehabilitation und durch intensivierte, strukturierte Kommunikation zwischen Betrieb und Therapeut deutlich verbessert werden, wobei die Autoren verschiedene an die betriebliche Realität angepasste Strategien vorschlagen.

Praktische Relevanz
In Deutschland sind 10 Prozent der Erkrankungsfälle für mehr als die Hälfte aller Arbeitsunfähigkeitszeiten verantwortlich. Besonders für länger dauernde Fälle sind Maßnahmen zur betrieblichen Wiedereingliederung nicht nur rechtlich vorgeschrieben (Sozialgesetzbuch IX), sondern auch für den Arbeitgeber zunehmend interessant. Die Autoren zeigen anhand von Beispielen mit einer günstigen Kosten-Nutzen-Relation auf, wie Eingliederungserfolge wahrscheinlicher werden.


Weitere Informationen:


Englisches Abstract:

Vocational rehabilitation and reintegration


Abstract:


Common rehabilitation treatment aims to increase quality of life by reducing handicaps. Their high importance is expected to further increase due to the ageing population. Most of the medical rehabilitation treatments are caused by muscle skeletal complaints, lung diseases or mental diseases. From an occupational point of view the rehabilitation outcome as well as vocational reintegration is an important goal. Sick leave causes high and still increasing costs for for example wage continuation and therapy as well as further problems in substitution of experienced workers.

Thus it is essential to optimize rehabilitation especially regarding occupational outcome, return to work and disability. Recent reports cite in rehabilitation patients proportions between 29 Percent to 43 Percent with particular workplace related problems. Especially for occupationally oriented medical treatments at least some knowledge on workplace demands and concise possibilities in reintegration management could improve the situation. Most common therapists just use patients descriptions for matching disability and therapy. Thereby different types of distortion may occur: Exposures and demands can be overestimated, underreported or simply missed. Employers or occupational professionals could contribute to a more realistic approach. That result is significantly improved outcome.

The authors realized positive effects by handing over contact details regarding relevant occupational professionals (for example industrial physician, appropriate manager, HR dept, Disability Manager) to healthy employees, to keep those just in case of prolonged illness. Helpful data concerning workplace descriptions should be available in mostly every firm: They are needed for risk assessment, instructional purposes and planning. If documented in a structured way they can as well be used for ergonomics, CIP or identify critical workplaces. Only medium or big sized firms are able to establish own networks to therapists and rehabilitation clinics where both sides will profit from. Smaller companies are primarily suggested to establish promoters for information about possibilites, effects and regulatory framework in rehabilitation. Certified disability managers may contribute in this without high costs or need of specialized personnel.

Practical Relevance
10 Percent of case count but 50 Percent of total work lost days in germany are caused by long-term sicklisted employees. Promotion of reintegration is therefore not just an legal requirement but also cost effective for employers. The article shows examples for increase the successful reintegration reate.


Schlagworte:
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Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft (ZfA)
Homepage: https://link.springer.com/journal/41449

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Referenznummer:

R/ZS0006/0015


Informationsstand: 02.02.2012

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