Bibliographische Angaben zur Publikation
Vocational training integrated into inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation: Short and long-term results from a controlled study
Beutel, Manfred E.; Zwerenz, Rüdiger; Bleichner, Franz [u. a.]
Disability and Rehabilitation, 2005, Volume 27 (Number 15), Seite 891-900, London: Informa Healthcare, ISSN: 0963-8288 (Print); 1464-5165 (Online)
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a vocational training programme on short- and long-term results after psychosomatic rehabilitation.
1,590 inpatients were screened for vocational integration. A high-risk group of 266 patients was randomly assigned to the vocational training programme plus psychosomatic treatment; treatment- as- usual served as a control condition. An occupational training was conducted at local companies, closely integrated into psychosomatic treatment. Vocational attitudes and adjustment were studied at intake, discharge, three, 12 and 24 month follow-ups.
More than half of the study participants were unemployment and/or long-term work-disabled harbouring strong negative attitudes toward return to work. Forty-six percent of the intervention group declined from participation, but complied with follow-up investigation. At discharge, participants of the vocational training programme had become more optimistic regarding resuming work. One year following discharge, participants of the training programme reported less absence from work. After 24 months, vocational adjustment had improved considerably among programme participants, and declined among controls and refusers.
An intensive vocational training programme is effective in promoting positive attitudes to work, reducing work disability and promoting return-to-work. However, a randomized design may be not optimal; evaluation necessitates long-term follow-up.
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Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis
Disability and Rehabilitation
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