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Return to work after lung transplantation
Paris, W.; Diercks, M.; Bright, J. [u. a.]
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 1998, Volume 17 (Number 4), Seite 430-436, New York: Elsevier, ISSN: 1053-2498
The social rehabilitation of lung transplant recipients becomes increasingly important as the results of lung transplantation improve. Although return-to-work (RTW) rates have been published for recipients of other organ transplants, no such data are available after lung transplantation.
The purpose of this study was to determine what factors influence RTW after lung transplantation. Of 99 lung transplant recipients (43 single, 56 bilateral) surveyed from Denver, Colorado, (n = 49) and Toronto, Ontario, Canada (n = 50), 22 % (n = 22) were employed, 38 % (n = 38) were unemployed but medically able to work, 29% (n = 29) were medically disabled, and 10 % (n = 10) had retired. The RTW rate for those medically able to work was 37 % (22/60), and it was identical at each center (n = 11). Only Canadian lung transplant recipients (36 %, 4/11) secured new jobs, whereas all Colorado lung transplant recipients returned to their previous employment (100%, 11/11).
A stepwise discriminant analysis revealed that
(1) pretransplantation employment,
(2) a diagnosis of emphysema, cystic fibrosis, or primary pulmonary hypertension,
(3) a self-report of being physically able to work,
(4) greater functional improvement as measured by post-lung transplantation percent predicted forced vital capacity, and (5) post-lung transplantation 6-minute walk > 550 m positively influenced RTW.
This analysis accurately profiled 82 % of the employed and 76% of the unemployed recipients for an overall effectiveness of 79 %.
The findings of this study are that
(1) a 37 % employment rate for those physically able was comparable to other types of organ transplant recipients,
(2) employment was not determined by the type of lung transplantation procedure (single or bilateral), and
(3) social factors remain employment barriers for some recipients, but their absence did not guarantee a better employment rate.
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Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
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