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Are individuals with severe mental retardation and multiple disabilities cost-efficient to serve via supported employment programs?


Autor/in:

Cimera, R. E.


Herausgeber/in:

American Association on Mental Retardation


Quelle:

Mental Retardation, 1998, Volume 36 (Number 4), Seite 280-292, Washington D. C.: Eigenverlag, ISSN: 0047-6765


Jahr:

1998



Abstract:


The relations between cost-efficiency (from the perspective of worker, taxpayer, and society) and personal characteristics of supported employees (i.e., IQ, level of mental retardation, multiple disabilities, gender, ethnicity, and age) were examined.

Results suggest that when sheltered workshops were used as alternative placements, supported employees with high IQs benefitted more from employment within the community than did supported employees with lower IQs.

From society's perspective, African American and male supported employees were more cost-efficient than were European American and female supported employees. Further, regardless of the severity or number of disabilities, all individuals were cost-efficient from each perspective (i.e., worker, taxpayer, and society) and time period (i.e., 1990, 1994, and projected lifelong).


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Zeitschriftenbeitrag




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Heute: Intellectual and developmental disabilities
Homepage: http://www.aaiddjournals.org/loi/ajmr.1

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA1801


Informationsstand: 05.04.2004

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