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An analysis of work postures of manual wheelchair users in the office environment
Troy, Betty S.; Cooper, Rory A.; Robertson, Rick N. [u. a.]
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development - JRRD, 1997, Volume 34 (Number 2), Seite 151-161, Baltimore, Maryland: Eigenverlag, ISSN: 0748-7711 (Print); 1938-1352 (Online)
The goal of this project was to examine the difficulties manual wheelchair users experience in office activities and ascertain whether such problems may be due to poor relationships between the equipment and the users. Sixty adult manual wheelchair users completed a questionnaire about problems encountered in office activities. Filing and writing were the most problematic activities for this group.
Phase II of this study consisted of videotaping four subjects performing each activity in their personal office environments, and having them complete a second questionnaire on body-specific locations of discomfort. Videotaped postures and reports of discomfort were matched to determine the existence of poor equipment-user relationships.
In filing, low back pain may have been due to bending forward to access lower drawers while seated. For writing, an inappropriate desk-wheelchair relationship that required subjects to bend forward with their arms on a surface that was too high may have caused back, shoulder, and neck discomfort.
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Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
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