Bibliographische Angaben zur Publikation
Differences in functioning of individuals with tetraplegia and paraplegia according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - ICF
Herrmann, K. H.; Kirchberger, Inge; Biering-Sörensen, F.; Cieza, Alarcos
International Medical Society of Paraplegia
Spinal Cord, 2011, Volume 49 (Number 4), Seite 534-543, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK: Stockton Press, ISSN: 1362-4393 (Print); 1476-5624 (Online)
Cross-sectional, multicenter study.Objectives:To identify and quantify the differences in functioning of individuals with tetraplegia versus paraplegia using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF
) as a frame of reference.
International.Methods:Functional problems of 1048 participants with spinal cord injury in 16 study centers in 14 countries were recorded using ICF
categories. The level of significance and odds ratios (OR) for experiencing each of these functional problems were reported for individuals with tetraplegia and paraplegia. Regression models were adjusted for age, age squared, early post-acute or long-term context, gender and for world regions.
Persons with tetraplegia are more at risk than persons with paraplegia to have difficulties in 36.4 percent categories of the component body functions. In the component body structures, 40 percent of the categories show significant differences. Individuals with tetraplegia indicate problems in three categories, whereas individuals with paraplegia are more likely to indicate problems in one category. Most categories indicating difficulties (56.6 percent) for persons with tetraplegia were found for the component activities and participation. The component with the highest congruency was the environmental factors. Overall, 3.7 percent categories (of the persons with tetraplegia as experienced, 2.4 percent of the categories as barriers, whereas 4.9 percent were experienced to be facilitators) obtained OR, indicating individuals with tetraplegia having more difficulties.
The logistic regression analysis identified a variety of differences in functional problems in individuals with tetraplegia compared with individuals with paraplegia. The ICF
has the potential to indicate the differences in health conditions.
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