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Politische Forderungen der Initiative Chance Ausbildung

Inklusion in der beruflichen Bildung

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Inklusion in der beruflichen Bildung


Frick, Frank; Wieland, Clemens; Burkard, Claudia


Bertelsmann Stiftung


Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 2014, 24 Seiten




Link zu dem Positionspapier (PDF | 3,2 MB; Schwere Sprache)


Das Ziel ist klar: mehr Jugendliche mit Behinderungen eine berufliche Ausbildung zu ermöglichen. Zu der Frage, wie das gelingen kann, haben die Beteiligten der Initiative 'Chance Ausbildung' Vorschläge erarbeitet und gemeinsam ein Positionspapier veröffentlicht.

[Aus: Verlagsinformation]

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Englisches Abstract


Germany ratified the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2009. Although Article 24 of the convention calls for an inclusive education system at all levels, compliance efforts in Germany have so far been limited to the general education system. In other areas of education, however, inclusion has been given much less attention. As part of the 'Vocational Training: Opportunities for Everyone” initiative, representatives from 12 German ministries in eight of Germany's federal states, together with the Federal Employment Agency, have developed proposals to make Germany's vocational education system more inclusive. The Bertelsmann Stiftung has facilitated this process.

In their transition from school to work, most young people with disabilities are directed to one of two options. Either, they take part in a program within the so-called transition system that is designed to prepare them for vocational education, or they participate in specially designed vocational trainings in line with § 66 of Germany's Vocational Training Act and § 42 of the Handicrafts Regulation Act. Whereas the first option bears unclear benefits when it comes to securing an apprenticeship, the second option provides these individuals with certificates of less value on the labor market. Only few young people with disabilities manage to take up regular vocational education in one of the accredited professions once they've left school.

The overall aim of the initiative is to provide a greater number of young people with disabilities the opportunity to secure a regular apprenticeship and receive a certificate in an accredited profession. With these objectives in mind, the initiative recommends the following:
- Programs in the transition system should be designed using elements present in the curriculum of accredited professions in order to make it easier to take up vocational education afterwards.
- Companies should receive more assistance and support when they take on young persons with disabilities as apprentices.
- The capacities of vocational schools to educate young persons with disabilities should be strengthened. This includes making the schools facilities accessible for people with disabilities as well as improving teachers' pedagogical competencies.
- The resources and competencies of institutions currently providing specially designed vocational training for youth with disabilities should be used to render regular vocational training more inclusive.
- Specially designed vocational trainings in line with § 66 of the Vocational Training Act and § 42 of the Handicrafts Regulation Act should draw more heavily on elements of accredited professions. These individual elements should be certifiable, which would facilitate the acquisition of a certificate in an accredited profession later.

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Informationsstand: 17.07.2014

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