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Non-ambulatory children with cerebral palsy: Effects of four months of static and dynamic standing exercise on passive range of motion and spasticity in the hip


Tornberg, A. B.; Lauruschkus, Katarina


k. A.


PeerJ, 2020, Volume 8 (e8561), Corte Madera, CA: Eigenverlag, ISSN: 2167-8359 (Online)




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The aim of this study was to compare the effects of four months of two types of structured training regimes, static standing (StS) versus dynamic standing (DyS), on passive range of motion (PROM) and spasticity in the hip among non-ambulatory children with cerebral palsy.


Twenty non-ambulatory children with cerebral palsy participated in an exercise intervention study with a crossover design. During StS, the Non-ambulatory children with cerebral palsy were encouraged to exercise according to standard care recommendations, including daily supported StS for 30-90 min. During DyS, daily exercise for at least 30 min at a speed between 30 and 50 rpm in an Innowalk (Made for movement, Norway) was recommended. We assessed adaptive effects from the exercise programs through PROM in the hip assessed with a handheld goniometer, and spasticity in the hip assessed with the Modified Ashworth Scale before and after 30 min of StS or DyS. A trained physiotherapist performed the assessments. The exercise test and exercise training were performed in the children's habitual environment. Non-parametric statistics were used and each leg was used as its own control.


PROM increased in all directions after 30 min (p < 0.001), and after four months of exercise training (p < 0.001) of DyS. Thirty minutes of DyS lowered the spasticity in the muscles around the hip (p < 0.001) more than 30 min of StS (p < 0.001).


Thirty minutes of DyS increased PROM and decreased spasticity among non-ambulatory children with CP. Four months of DyS increased PROM but did not decrease spasticity. These results can help inform individualised standing recommendations.

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Mehr zum Thema:

Motorisierter Steh- und Gehtrainer Innowalk | REHADAT-Hilfsmittel


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis / Online-Publikation


PeerJ - Life & Environment (Open Access)

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Informationsstand: 31.03.2020

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